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What Causes Epilepsy

There are many reasons why people have epilepsy. Often it is impossible to define the cause. Some causes include:

  • acquired brain injury
  • loss of oxygen (hypoxia)
  • infections such as encephalitis
  • strokes, tumours or cysts 
  • cerebrovascular degeneration in the elderly
  • genetic causes. These may be inherited in the family or they may be caused by a new genetic abnormality that occurs during the earliest stage of foetal development.

For more information on who is more likely to get epilepsy click here.